You can perform the backup and recovery on windows server 2008 using server backup feature which you can install from windows features. Here I will show you that how you can schedule a backup and then how to recover from this backup using windows server 2008 backup and recovery feature. But you should keep in mind that windows server backup and recovery feature is not a enterprise backup solution because of many limitation. You can backup of your system volume including system state, boot, AD DS database and AD DS logs using server backup feature.
Schedule a backup in server 2008
Recover from a backup in server 2008:
You can recover from a already schedule backup by right clicking on windows server backup and choose recover, wizard will asked you for backup store location which in my case is a remote shared folder therefore I will chose second option and click on next. Then it will show you the backup points that are created before on complete of successful backup. Choose the require point and click on next. Select the items that you want to recover from that backup. Choose where you want to restored these backup. Then it will take some time to recover your files depending upon your backup size.